GIS is computer-based
mapping and spatial analysis. Excavations can be planned using electronic
surveying equipment and entered into a GIS software package on the
computer. GIS can be used to keep track of excavation progress and
to understand the different phases of activity on site. GIS can
also be used to understand the relationship between an archaeological
site and its environment – vegetation, soils, water sources,
etc., as well as the relationships between sites – for instance
between a pa site and the smaller occupation and midden sites around
it. Information on the location of sites and features can be used
as a tool to assist planning in a development.
We have wide-ranging training and experience in using GIS and
computer mapping techniques and electronic surveying. Many investigations
that we undertake have a GIS component to them.